According to the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, methadone is approved for the maintenance treatment of opioid dependency (i.e. opioid use disorder) (DSM). According to a 2009 Cochrane study, it was successful in keeping patients in treatment and reducing or stopping heroin use as evaluated by self-report and urine/hair tests, but it had no effect on criminal activity or death risk.
It will be used to treat people who are addicted to opioids in one of two ways. It maintenance treatment (MMT) is recommended to those who want to stop using illegal drugs but haven’t been able to do so for a long time. Its upkeep might last anywhere from a few months to a lifetime. It reduction programs are designed for those who are addicted to drugs and want to quit using them altogether.
The length of the reduction program is determined by the beginning dose and rate of decrease, which differs between clinics and individuals. In addition, enrolling in methadone maintenance has the potential to decrease the transmission of infectious illnesses like hepatitis and HIV that are linked with opiate injection. Are you looking for a pain reliever? Its major aims are to alleviate opioid cravings, reduce abstinence syndrome, and prevent the euphoric effects associated with opioids.